BESU is the Bengal Engineering and Science University, in whose earlier avatar it was called the Bengal Engineering College (Shibpur). Sometime ago, our Ministry of Human Resource Development identified it as one of the several colleges to be upgraded to an Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST). This move is generally seen as a positive thing because, the upgradation also comes with several carrots: designation as an Institution of National Importance (!), one time funding to improve the infrastructure and an enhanced level of funding forever.
What's the catch? INIs have a governance structure that gives the institutions a lot more autonomy. Second, because they are INIs, their outlook must be truly national; this implies that the state they are located in loses out in terms of the number of its students who can study there. State governments -- such as those of West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh -- were quite unhappy with these provisions.
Well, do read Anasuya Basu's opinion piece in the Telegraph for the details of how the West Bengal government is coming in the way of BESU's blossoming into an Institution of National Importance.