In both the exams, overall, girls have done better than the boys. The difference is smaller for Class X (77.7 for girls compared to 76.77 for boys and 77.16 overall) than for Class XII ((84.4 for girls compared to 75.93 for boys and 79.55 overall). This is what the Chairman of CBSE had to say:
"Unlike the Class XII examinations in which the gap between the girls and the boys was substantial, in the Class X examinations there was a less than one percentage point difference between them. This reinforces our theory that up to this level, girls and boys are almost the same, but the difference sets in after they are 16 years and above," CBSE Chairman Ashok Ganguly told a press conference ... [Link]
"The trend of girls doing better than boys started in 1991. We would like to do an analysis of why girls are doing better than boys to understand this trend. However, independent feedback that we have got so far shows that girls at this crucial juncture are more creative, innovative and focused than boys," said CBSE Chairman Ashok Ganguly at a press conference ... [Link].
The number of girls taking these exams is (slightly) lower, as can be seen from the fact that the overall pass percentage is (slightly) closer to the boys' than the girls'.
Not only have the girls done well overall (in terms of pass percentage), they have also done quite well in the 'elite' (with a score of over 90 percent) and 'super-elite' (over 95 percent) categories in the Class X exams:
While they might have done better than boys in the "elite" category of students getting 90 per cent or above, boys seem to have taken the lead as 10,617 of them scored over 90 per cent, compared to 10,385 girls. [...]
A total of 1,677 children in the country have scored over 95 per cent marks this year. There are 888 girls and 789 boys who made their mark in this "super-elite" category. [Link]
For class XII, however, this boys-vs-girls break-up among the '90+ percent' students is not given in any of the reports I checked. The CBSE website is of no help, either.
A couple of weeks ago, the ICSE and ISC exam results were also announced; once again, girls did better (overall) than boys. I looked for info on the boys-vs-girls break up among the toppers in these exams, but couldn't find any.
Any pointers would be appreciated. Thanks in advance.