India devotes 5.1 percent of its GDP to health, ahead of Pakistan (4.0 percent) and Sri Lanka (3.7 percent) but behind China (5.4 percent), Brazil (7.6 percent), and the United States (15.6 percent). The striking fact about Indian health expenditures is that they are heavily in the private sector. Only 0.9 percent of the country’s GDP is spent on public-sector health programs, whereas 4.2 percent is private. India ranks 171st out of 175 countries in percentage of GDP spent in the public sector on health and 17th in private-sector spending.
Current data indicate that 59,095 Indian-educated physicians are working in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia. They constitute 4.9 percent of the U.S. physician workforce and 10.9 percent of the U.K. physician workforce. Analysis of U.S. residency data indicates that there are about 5,000 graduates of Indian medical schools in U.S. training programs today, meaning that approximately 1,200 enter into the U.S. residency system each year.
From this very interesting take on Indian doctors studying and working abroad, and the impact of this phenomenon on India.