M. A. Pai, an emeritus professor in electrical and computer engineering at the University of Illinois - Urbana Champaigne, has an article in Rediff on the state of technical education in India. He presents quite a few ideas for improving the quality of education, so that we are able to graduate a lot more students who have had high quality training. He also presents some ideas on increasing the number of Ph.D.s in engineering disciplines.
Well, there's a lot of stuff in the article that I would like to comment upon. However, that will have to wait. Let me, for the moment, content myself with excerpting from the article:
Currently, the student-to-faculty ratio at many IITs is more like 10:1, which is a luxury, compared to the 20:1 in most US public universities. In China, Tshinghua University alone turns out more than 2,000 undergraduates in engineering according to their Web site. [...]
The IITs have vast spaces and they must be utilised optimally. The Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore can also join the four-year undergraduate programme with perhaps a greater share for science graduates. This is one way of exciting young minds about science since they will be in the same campus as top-notch scientists.
The experience at IIT Kanpur in the '60s of having an integrated 5-year science degree programme, where excellent research was also done in the sciences, should be a convincing factor. There are very few world-class institutions excelling in research without a good undergraduate programme and the IISc must be persuaded to fall in line.