Prof. T. Jayaraman (whom we have met here and here) has put up on his website the slides of his presentation on "Transforming the Culture of Scientific Institutions" (ppt). I understand it is a talk he gave to an audience of science policy analysts and advisors recently.
In this perceptive talk, Jayaraman starts with the following:
General levels of achievement of the Indian diaspora (whose foundational training is in India) [is] not matched overall by the achievement of Indian S&T. While several factors are relevant here, it also points to institutional constraints and the general culture of Indian S&T institutions.
He then goes on to point out a whole bunch of these constraints felt at the micro-level by "individual research organisations/sub-groups in large organisations", and proposes "some radical measures needed to overcome them". He covers a lot of ground, so I won't bother to summarize all the points here. What I will do, instead, is to extract (from different slides in the presentation) a strand of argument that will resonate with a lot of people (scientists in Indian institutions, in particular):
Scientists are expected to be world-class in their work, [but] they are treated condescendingly, almost like children, by the bureaucracy and executive authority on managerial matters.
... Younger generation is forced to bear the entire burden of generating `excellence’ without any corresponding share of determining policy.
As a consequence of exclusion from decision-making, generations of younger scientists progress to higher levels without any serious knowledge of world-class scientific administration. [It makes] the existing senior leadership appear indispensable.
[Among the reasons for the persistence of these problems over several decades : ] the reluctance and tardiness of two generations in the scientific community itself to promote reform and change.
Do go through the whole presentation. You will get a good sense of some of the deep problems imposed by our way of running scientific institutions.