In this season of celebrating toppers and staggering cut-offs in college admissions across the country, the University Grants Commission (UGC) has come up with a startling admission: Over half of the students who pass Class XII don’t even enter the higher-education sector; 90 per cent of colleges and 68 per cent of universities across the country are of middling or poor quality. On almost all indicators, from faculty standards to library facilities, from computer availability to student-teacher ratio, higher education is in crying need for an upgrade.
The “quality gap” in both universities and colleges is alarming: 25 per cent faculty positions in universities remain vacant; 57 per cent teachers in colleges do not have either an M Phil or PhD; there is only one computer for 229 students, on an average, in colleges.
These results appear in a report by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (I'm not able to find the link to this report), covering 123 universities and 2,956 colleges (out of 378 universities and 18,064 colleges).
These results are all the more depressing because the universities and colleges accredited by NAAC got it done voluntarily. The others chose to avoid NAAC's visits probably because of their own estimate of the low grades they were likely to get.