The Indian Academy of Sciences has a section devoted to Women in Science. It is a little sparse at present, but it already hosts some interesting stuff. From this page, for example, we learn that "amongst the founding Fellows there was one lady botanist, E.K. Janaki Ammal (1897-1984)." Among the Fellows of IAS in 2006, there were 46 (or, 5.25 %) women.
From this page, we get links to the 2004 report from the Indian National Science Academy (yes, India has three academies of science!) on Science Career for Indian Women: Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3. Summaries of this report can be found here and here.
The Department of Science and Technology has a scholarship program women scientists and technologists.
Finally, here's my own post about the first women scientists at IISc.
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Thanks to this site for allowing free use of the International Women's Day logo.