Here's the latest hype from Rutgers:
Indian Graduates in U.S. are Ready to Return to India: Faculty shortages at Indian universities could be eased.
The study is based on a survey of nearly 1000 Indian students and post-docs in the US. Let me highlight a couple of points:
Survey respondents' attraction towards India is driven by lofty-softy factors like family, giving back to the motherland, help build India's higher ed, and comfort with society/culture. On the other hand, the factors behind keeping folks away from India are hard-nosed things that have a lot to do with job-related conditions: corruption, red tape, academic work environment, research funding, earning potential. [see page 16] Wonder which set of factors are likely to win?
While the report frames the issue as one of faculty shortage in India, (see the recommendations at the end of the report), the survey includes a large number of masters students (interestingly, their fraction in the study is actually less than their actual fraction among Indian students in the US). All said and done, doctoral programs account for less than a sixth of Indian students in the US [see these NSF documents] -- out of some 67,000 grad students, I would estimate less than 10,000 in the doctoral programs (because only about 1300 PhDs were awarded to Indians annually during 2004-2007).
Needless to say, I'm not happy with the framing; nor with the methodology. Like I said, there's just too much hype ...
Indian students in the US deserve a better study!