A bunch of links, all, except one, are from the US:
Kieran Healy at Crooked Timber: Gender Divides in Philosophy and Other Disciplines [PhD degrees awarded by the US universities in 2009].
Manuel F. Bagues and Natalia Zinovyeva at VoxEU: Does gender matter for academic promotion? Evidence from a randomised natural experiment [Summary of a study of academic hiring and promotion practices in Spain].
Gwen Sharp at Sociological Images: Gender Gap in Book Reviewing.
Roni Caryn Rabin in NYTimes: Disparities: A Growing Gender Gap in Doctors’ Pay